about APCO

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APCO- Empowering Artisans Since 1976

The love for handlooms is never-ending and the fascinating art has a vibe that is more than meets the eye. Handlooms have been a part of our cultural heritage for generations, and the skilled artisans and families have dedicated themselves to keeping the traditional art form alive. The glorious art of handloom weavers is flourishing and appreciated by the few-many avant-garde, who, despite the global outlook, have an aesthetic sense deeply rooted in tradition.
Regardless of how beautiful handloom art is, artists are having difficulty marketing and gaining input. To embrace the traditionalism rooted in the artistic heritage of Andhra Pradesh and to empower the weavers in every way possible, the Andhra Pradesh government has set up APCO for the upliftment of the handloom community which has been strenuously working for 46 years.
APCO has come into force with the ethos of reviving the fading handloom structure of our state. In order to achieve the dream of handlooms flourishing, APCO is supporting the livelihoods of a number of weavers and artisans working under 1052-Primary Weavers Co-operative Societies. The aim is to bring handlooms back into vogue and entice you to start an everlasting worship of handicrafts. The purpose is intended to preserve the authenticity of weavers’ craft and increase awareness of the tremendous labour-intensive process that is involved in making the treasures. By providing the necessary support and commitment to empower them financially, this would enable them to carry forward their unique skills without the need to seek alternative employment, at the same time providing a global presence for ancient traditional weaves of Andhra Pradesh.

Authentic creativity:

Gone are the days when handlooms were assumed merely as connoisseurs’ treasures or as outdated costumes. The handloom weaves are now based on the principles of sustainability and environmental friendliness all the way, taking fashion forward with tradition intact. Handlooms are now, in many ways, a fashion symbol that has both the appeals of tradition and contemporary styles played in with creative experiments.


The handloom societies in Andhra Pradesh are organised as a two-tier structure, with the primary societies at the village level called Primary Handloom Weavers’ Cooperative Societies (PHWCS) and the APEX Society at the state level called A.P. State Handloom Weavers’ Cooperative Society Ltd. (APSHWCS), popularly called APCO.

APCO Management:

The APEX Society is managed by a Board of Management comprising 31 Directors representing each of the 23 Districts, a representative of APCO and seven official Directors including the Managing Director as Ex-officio Director and Vice-Chairman. The term of the elected Managing Committee is 5 years. APCO has 10 Divisional Marketing Offices in all major districts with a total support staff of 466 employees. 1136 Nos of Primary Weavers’ CO-operative Societies and Mutually Aided Weavers’ Co-operative Societies are affiliated to APCO supporting the backward linkage of production of handloom goods.


The marketing and sales activities of APCO reached a pinnacle of Rs. 254.71 crores during the year 2011-12 despite severe competition from mill-made and powerloom products. The performance of APCO during the last half of a decade in terms of procurement and sales activity is tabulated below.

Corporate Profile

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Sri Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy

Hon'ble Chief Minister Government of Andhra Pradesh

Sri Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy

Hon'ble Chief Minister Government of Andhra Pradesh

Gudivada Amarnath

Minister of Industries, Infrastructure, Investment & IT

Gudivada Amarnath

Minister of Industries, Infrastructure, Investment & IT
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Chillapalli Mohan Rao

Chairman, APCO

Chillapalli Mohan Rao

Chairman, APCO
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Smt. C. Nagarani IAS

V.C & Managing Director, APCO

Smt. C. Nagarani IAS

V.C & Managing Director, APCO


A handloom is a manually operated wooden frame/loom that is used to weave cloth. Pit looms, frame looms, and stand looms are the three fundamental types of looms used for weaving hand-woven fabrics, each with its particular purpose.
The history of handloom dates back to the 18th century, when almost every village had its own weavers. The beginning of powerlooms in the 1920’s created an unfair competition and led to the decline of handlooms. Handloom played an integral part in the freedom fight, where Mahatma Gandhi started the Swadeshi Movement and reintroduced spinning in the name of khadi.
Cloth or other material produced by weaving or knitting fibers.
Cotton is a natural material made from cotton plants that has been used since the fifth millennium B.C. Cotton is spun into yarn, which is then woven into a soft, long-lasting fabric.
Silk is a lustrous textile with a satin texture and a reputation for being a sumptuous fabric. Silk is a natural fibre made by insects for use in creating nests and cocoons.
Silk is a protein fiber made primarily of fibroin, which is produced by certain insect larvae to construct cocoons.

With the emergence of powerlooms and machinery it has become a strenuous task to find an original handloom. So here are some authentic fool-proof methods to identify a handloom saree.

  • Examine the saree bevar, or edges. Pin-marks or holes are evenly spaced on the top and bottom of the saree, as the handlooms saree are woven by pinning the saree to the loom.
  • The saree is bound to have a rugged uneven surface for an ethnic appeal.
  • Handloom saree is surprisingly soft in texture, you could feel it only once you drape it.
  • A handloom saree would have extra thread-end at the yardage, often made into tassels.
  • A handloom saree would have the exact mirror image of prints on either side.
  • Bridging the gap between customer and weaver, APCO plays a significant role.
  • The handloom industry that often suffers at the hands of middlemen, are eliminated with the emergence of APCO.
  • One could save a lot of energy in the situation of global warming by opting to handloom sarees.
  • By opting to APCO you would help preserve the rich textile heritage of Andhra Pradesh.
  • APCO is generating employment to 1000 of weavers and striving for the empowerment of their children by providing education and skills for the `necessary.